Wednesday , 18 January 2017

S1 Pendidikan Kimia-Matakuliah Kimia Fisika II

Kompetensi/Competencies

Menguasai dan dapat menerapkan kaidah, teori, prinsip dan konsep yang terkait dengan dinamika dan kinetika perubahan zat berdasarkan prinsip-prinsip elektrokimia dan kinetika reaksi kimia. Menguasai dan dapat mendayagunakan sifat-sifat khusus koloid, peristiwa adsorbsi dan fenomena fotokimia./Students are able to comprehend and to implement the principles, concepts and theories related to the dynamic and kinetic of change of matter according to the principles of electrochemistry and the kinetics of chemical reactions. Students are also able to make use and to take advantage from the specific characteristics of  catalists, the phenomena of  adsorption and photochemistry.

Bahan Kajian/Subject Matters

(1) Gaya gerak listrik: sel elektrokimia, potensial sel atau emf, hubungan antara potensial sel  dan energy bebas, persamaan Nernst, perhitungan tetapan kese­tim­bangan reaksi sel, elektrode rujukan, penentuan pH larutan, overpotential; (2) elektrolisis dan hantaran: Mekanisme elektrolisis, hokum Faraday, hantaran elektrolit, hantaran spesifik, hantaran ekivalen, pengukuran hantaran elektrolit, pe­nentuan tetapan sel; (3) Teori disosiasi elektrolit: Teori Ionisasi Arrhenius, migrasi ion, kecepatan relatif ion, angka angkut,  penentuan angka angkut, metode Hittorf’s, metode  batas bergerak, hukum Kohlrausch, aplikasi  hukum Kohlrausch; (4) Kinetika kimia : laju reaksi, hukum laju, orde reaksi, molekularitas reaksi, integrasi hukum laju, waktu paruh, penentuan orde reaksi, teori tumbukan, peng­aruh suhu pada laju reaksi , keterbatasan teori tumbukan, teori  keadaan transisi, energi aktivasi dan katalisis; (5) Katalisis: Jenis katalis, katalis homogen, katalis heterogen, karakteristik reaksi terkatalisis, promoter, racun katalis,  otokatalisis, energi aktivasi dan katalisis, teori-teori katalisis, teori pembentukan, teori  adsorpsi, katalisis asam-basa, mekanisme katalisis asam, katalisis enzim, mekanis­me katalisis enzim; (6) Adsorpsi: mekanisme adsorpsi, jenis-jenis adsorpsi, ad­sor­psi gas oleh zat padat, Isoterm adsorpsi, Isoterm Langmuir, adsorpsi zat ter­la­rut­ dari larutan, aplikasi adsorpsi, adsorpsi  pertukaran ion, aplikasi adsorpsi per­tu­ka­ran ion; (7) Koloid: koloid liofilik dan liofobik, ciri khas koloid liofilik dan liofobik, pembuatan koloid, metode dispersi, metode aggregasi, efek Tyndall, gerak Brown, elekt­roforesis, stabilitas koloid, emulsi, gel, penggunaan koloid.                  /This Course covers (1) Electromotive Force: Electrochemical cells, cell potential or emf, relation between emf and free energy, the Nernst equation: Calculation of half-cell potential, calculation of cell potential, calculation of equilibrium constant for the cell reaction, reference electrodes, determination of pH of a solution, overvoltage or overpotential; (2) Electrolysis and Electrical Conductance: Mechanism of electrolysis, electrical units, Faraday’s Laws of Electrolysis, Faraday’s First Law, Faraday’s Second Law, importance of The First Law Of Electrolysis, importance of The Second Law of Electrolysis, conductance of electrolytes, specific conductance, equivalent conduc­tan­ce, strong electrolytes, weak electrolytes, measurement of electrolytic conductance, determination of cell constant; (3) Theory of Electrolytic Dissociation: Arrhenius Theory of Ionization, migration of ions, relative speed of ions, transport number, determination of transport number, Hittorf’s Method, Moving Boundary Method, Kohlrausch’s Law, applications of Kohlrausch’s Law; (4) Chemical Kinetics: Reaction rate, units of rate, rate laws, order of a reaction, molecularity of  reaction, mo­le­cularity versus order of reaction, pseudo-order reactions, integrated rate equations, units of rate constant, half-life, determination the order of  reaction, Collision Theory of Reaction Rates, effect of increase of temperature on reaction rate, limitations of The Collision Theory, Transition State Theory, activation energy and catalysis; (5) Catalysis: Types of catalysis, homogeneous catalysis, heteroge­neous catalysis, characteristics of catalytic reactions, promoters, catalytic poisoning, autocatalysis, negative catalysis, activation energy and catalysis, theories of catalysis , the intermediate compound, formation theory, the adsorption theory, hydrogenation of ethene in presence of nickel, acid–base catalysis, mechanism of acid catalysis, enzyme catalysis, mechanism of enzyme catalysis, characteristics of enzyme catalysis; (6) Adsorption: Mechanism of adsorption, types of adsorption, adsorption of gases by solids, adsor­ption isotherms, Langmuir Adsorption Isotherm, derivation of Langmuir Isotherm, adsorption of solutes from solutions, applications of adsorption, ion-exchange adsorption, cationic exchange, anionic exchange, applications of ion-ex­change adsorption, water softening, deionization of water, electrical demineralization of water, medical uses; (7) Colloids: Lyophilic and lyophobic sols or colloids, characteristics of lyophilic and lyophobic sols, prepa­ra­tion of sols, dispersion methods, aggregation methods, purification of sols dialysis, optical properties of sols, Tyndall Effect, kinetic properties of sols, Brownian Move­ment, electrical properties of sols, electrophoresis, stability of sols, associated col­loids, cleansing action of soaps and detergents, emulsions, gels, applications of co­l­loids, determination of molecular weights of macromolecules.

Tujuan/Objectives

Setelah mempelajari materi dalam matakuliah ini melalui kajian literatur, diskusi dan tanya jawab, latihan soal, pembuatan makalah dan presentasi; mahasiswa dapat menguasai konsep dasar dinamika dan kinetika perubahan zat berdasarkan prinsip-prinsip elektrokimia dan kinetika reaksi kimia. Menguasai dan dapat mendayagunakan sifat-sifat khusus koloid, peristiwa adsorbsi dan fenomena fotokimia./After studying this course material through the study of literature, discussion and questions and answers, as well as exercises, students can master the basic concepts of dynamics and kinetics of change agents based on the principles of electrochemistry and kinetics of chemical reactions. Mastering and can utilize the special properties of colloids, adsorption events and photochemical phenomena.

Daftar Pustaka/References

  1. Alberty, R.A .2005. Physical Chemistry 4th edition, New York: Mc-Graw Hill.
  2. Atkins, P.W., Paula J. de. 2009. The Elements of Physical Chemistry. 5th edition. Oxford: London.
  3. Atkins, P.W., Paula J. de, 2010. Physical Chemistry. 9th edition, Oxford: London.
  4. Castellan, G.W. 1983. Physical Chemistry. 3rd edition Massachusetts: Addison Wesley Publishing Company.
  5. Levine, I. N, 2009. Physical Chemistry 6th Ed. New York: Mc Graw-Hill.